instantiationPhysical: Video Vocabulary

instantiationPhysical is used to identify the format of a particular instantiation as it exists in a physical form that occupies physical space (e.g. a tape on a shelf). This includes physical digital media, such as a DV tape, audio CD, or authored DVD, as well as analog media.

Best practice: PBCore provides a controlled vocabulary for media objects, though any controlled vocabulary can be used so long as it is referenced. For digital storage carriers that contain file-based media, such as data CDs, LTO tapes or hard drives, use instantiationDigital to convey the mime type of the file instead of describing the carrier.

The Video vocabulary provides terms for physical media formats for analog and digital video.

Terms

Videocassette: A general term for unknown video cassette formats. If more specific format information is known, please use the appropriate term from the list below.

Open reel videotape: A general term for unknown open reel video formats. If more specific format information is known, please use the appropriate term from the list below.

Optical video disc: A general term for unknown optical video formats. If more specific format information is known, please use the appropriate term from the list below.

1 inch videotape: An open reel analog videotape format. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “1 inch videotape: MVC-10.” Types of 1 inch videotape include MVC-10, PI-3V, EV-200, EL-3400, IVC-700, IVC-800, IVC-900, UV-340, EV-210, BVH-1000, HDV-1000, HDD-1000, SMPTE Type A, SMPTE Type B, and SMPTE Type C.

1/2 inch videotape: An open reel analog videotape format. May also be known as helical scan tape. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “1/2 inch videotape: EIAJ Type 1.” Types of 1/2 inch video tape include: CV, EIAJ Type 1, Hawkeye, Recam, V200, and VCR.

1/4 inch videotape: An open reel analog videotape format. May also be known as Akai.

2 inch videotape: An open reel analog videotape format. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “2 inch videotape: Quadruplex.” Types of 2 inch videotape include: Quadruplex, Octaplex, VR-1500, VR-1600, IVC-9000, Helical SV-201, and ACR 25.

Betacam: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format. Types of Betacam also include the higher-quality Betacam SP. This information can be included after a colon, as “Betacam: SP.”
Betacam SX A cassette-based 1/2-inch digital videotape format. Betacam SX is a digital version of Betacam SP.

Betamax: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format. May also be know as Beta. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “Betamax: ED.” Types of Betamax also include Beta Hi-Fi, ED Betamax and Super Betamax.

Blu-ray disc: An optical disc-based digital video format.

Cartrivision: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format.

D1: A cassette-based 3/4-inch digital videotape format. Different “D” formats are not necessarily backwards compatible: for example, a D-2 tape cannot be played on a D-1 machine.

D2: A cassette-based 3/4-inch digital videotape format. Different “D” formats are not necessarily backwards compatible: for example, a D-2 tape cannot be played on a D-1 machine.

D3: A cassette-based 1/2-inch digital videotape format. Different “D” formats are not necessarily backwards compatible: for example, a D-2 tape cannot be played on a D-1 machine.

D5: A cassette-based 1/2-inch digital videotape format. Types of D5 also include D5 HD. This information can be included after a colon, as “D5: HD.” Different “D” formats are not necessarily backwards compatible: for example, a D-2 tape cannot be played on a D-1 machine.

D6: A cassette-based 3/4-inch digital videotape format. Different “D” formats are not necessarily backwards compatible: for example, a D-2 tape cannot be played on a D-1 machine.

D9: A cassette-based 1/2-inch digital videotape format. Types of D9 also include D9 HD. This information can be included after a colon, as “D9: HD.” Different “D” formats are not necessarily backwards compatible: for example, a D-2 tape cannot be played on a D-1 machine.

DCT: A cassette-based 3/4-inch digital videotape format.

Digital Betacam: A cassette-based 1/2-inch digital videotape format. May also be known as DigiBeta or D-Beta. Digital Betacam is a digital version of Betacam SP.

Digital8: A cassette-based 8mm digital videotape format. Digital Betacam is a digital version of Hi8.

DV: A cassette-based 1/4-inch digital videotape format.

DVCAM: A cassette-based 1/4-inch digital videotape format.

DVCPRO: A cassette-based 1/4-inch digital videotape format. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “DVCPro: 25.” Types of DVCPro include DVCPro 25, DVCPro 50, DVCPro Progressive, and DVCPro HD.

DVD: A digital optical disc video format. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “DVD: DVD-R.” Types of DVD also include DVD+R, DVD+R DL, DVD-R, DVD-RW, and DVD+RW.

EIAJ: Cartridge A cartridge-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format.

EVD: Videodisc A digital optical disc video format.

HDCAM: A cassette-based 1/2-inch digital videotape format. Types of HDCAM also include HDCAM SR. This information can be included after a colon, as “HDCAM: SR.”

HDV: A cassette-based 1/4-inch digital videotape format. This is a high-definition version of MiniDV.

Hi8: A cassette-based 8mm analog videotape format. Hi8 is a high-band version of Video8.

LaserDisc: A digital optical disc video format. May also be known as DiscoVision. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “LaserDisc: CAV.” Types of LaserDisc include CAV, CLV, and CAA.

MII: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format.

MiniDV: A cassette-based 1/4-inch digital videotape format. May also be known as DVC.

Super Video CD: A digital optical disc video format.

U-matic: A cassette-based 3/4-inch analog videotape format. May also be known as 3/4-inch tape. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “U-matic: S.” Types of U-matic include the smaller U-matic S and the high-quality U-matic SP.

Universal Media Disc: A digital optical disc video format.

V-Cord: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format. If desired, format informatio can be included after a colon, for example: “V-Cord: I.” Types of V-Cord include V-Cord I and V-Cord II.

VHS: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format. If desired, format information can be included after a colon, for example: “VHS: S-VHS.” Types of VHS include S-VHS, W-VHS and VHS-C.

Video8: A cassette-based 8mm analog videotape format.

VX: A cassette-based 1/2-inch analog videotape format.

View on the Open Metadata Registry